By Guy Bradley
This ebook, the 1st full-scale remedy of historic Umbria in any language, takes a balanced view of the region's historical past within the first millennium BC, targeting neighborhood activities and motivations up to the impression of outdoor affects and Roman guidelines.
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Additional resources for Ancient Umbria: State, Culture, and Identity in Central Italy from the Iron Age to the Augustan Era
But the tables in Umbrian script are unlikely to have been inscribed much after the mid nd cent. , and could well be earlier (Prosdocimi, Tavole Iguvine). 70 The implications of these passages for Umbrian unity are discussed in Ch. , s. . 66 67 Approaching the history of Umbria The overall impression gained from this survey of the epigraphy generated within Umbria in the fourth and third centuries is one of particularism. This obviously contrasts with the image of the Umbrians as an uniﬁed ethnic group provided by Greek writers in the ﬁfth and fourth centuries.
If a rhetorical commonplace, it remains expressive of an attitude. 13 Such themes are undercut by Tacitus, Agricola , where the newly emerging urban structures and lifestyle of conquered Britain are signs of enslavement rather than civilization (humanitas). Umbria before the Roman conquest and Achaia took the form of single urban centres with their own territories. But even Aristotle, who rarely mentioned ethnA such as Macedon, on the periphery of his home town Stagira, recognized that there were alternative forms of political organization (a; see above).
Ampolo, ‘La formazione della città nel Lazio: Periodo IV B’, DdA (), –; Cornell, Beginnings, –. g. A. Rosenberg, Der Staat der alten Italiker (Berlin, ); but what I am concerned with is the formation and accumulation of such institutions. For a similar approach see G. Tagliamonte, I ﬁgli di Marte (Rome, ), –. g. A. Snodgrass, Archaeology and the Rise of the Greek State (Cambridge, ); W. G. Runciman, ‘Origins of States: The Case of Archaic Greece’, Comparative Studies in Society and History (), –; J.
Ancient Umbria: State, Culture, and Identity in Central Italy from the Iron Age to the Augustan Era by Guy Bradley